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  • HS - Nutrition Science Article

    By Leslie Young, MS, RD, LDN
    Nutrition Science Full-Time Faculty Member, Kaplan University

    Preface: Kaplan University's Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science program is not accredited by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND), and does not qualify an individual to sit for the examination to become a Registered Dietitian (RD). In addition, some states will not permit individuals to become licensed in nutrition and/or dietetics if they do not possess the RD credential. If you are interested in becoming licensed in your state, it is vital that you understand your state’s requirements for licensing prior to enrollment.

    Oftentimes, one’s personal interest in a subject matter drives career choices, professional development, or educational mastery. This scenario is one of the major reasons why students choose nutrition science as their degree of study. The commonly used quote about loving what you do and never “working” a day in your life may hold some weight in being a “career choice compass” department. 

    However, the idea remains that when one’s “love or passion” for a subject turns into an actual job or work, it fundamentally changes. There will be deadlines, office politics, long work schedules and many other “work” related tasks/situations. Turning one’s passion for health into a rewarding career usually requires: successful completion of a nutrition-oriented degree, willingness to accept or try various nontraditional nutrition career routes, and the ability to market yourself as a nutrition professional who can benefit the hiring company more than any other candidate. 

    A number of health trends in the U.S. have contributed to a rising interest in nutrition—such as staggering increases in both childhood and adult obesity in the last 15 years, increasing public awareness in nutrition’s role in disease management/ prevention, and the highest percentage of U.S. citizens reaching retirement age ever recorded as the “baby boom” generation ages (Taylor and Cohn, 2010). For the nutrition-related professional, depending on the career, there are various hurdles for navigating the job market, including certifications, varying state license requirements, or sub-specialty job specifications. This can make the nutrition career field seem surprisingly complicated.

    Traditional RD Path

    Please be aware that the Kaplan University’s Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science program is not intended for students who wish to pursue a license or certificate to work as a dietician. Program graduates are not eligible to sit for the Registered Dietician exam to sit for the examination to become a Registered Dietitian (RD). 

    It’s important to note that the educational requirements for those who want to pursue further post-graduate education and/or a 1,200–1,500 hour dietetic internship to become a Registered Dietitian (RD) is very different from those who hold a Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science. In addition, RDs typically stay in one or two areas (narrow area) of the nutrition field throughout their career (eatright.org, 2015). 

    ACEND is the acronym for the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics. ACEND oversees nutrition and “pre-RD” educational programs. The 1,200-1,500 hour unpaid dietetic internship is highly competitive with around a 50% acceptance rate as of last published data in 2011 (eatright.org, 2015). The ACEND board instituted a moratorium on new nutrition programs applying for candidacy for accreditation, unless they have a process to assure that all qualified students will obtain an internship position (Gregoire & Taccona, 2015). Kaplan University’s Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science is not ACEND accredited. 

    Seeing those statistics and reading the moratorium on not accepting new undergraduate “pre-RD” programs unless they can provide a dietetic internship spot for their students seems to be placing a restriction or “cap-size” on the size of RD career field. Why does RD growth appear to be restricted or why is so tightly controlled when our nation desperately needs access to more nutrition education? 

    From a very general perspective, in states with licensure protection over the terms dietitian and nutritionist, practicing nutrition is reserved only to RDs and/or Licensed Nutritionists who have completed an ACEND-approved undergraduate program. Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) is providing nutrition advice, advising, and dosing nutrition supplements, implementing dietary changes and any nutrition related intervention (therapy) that is based on a patient’s individual medical diagnosis, lab values, anthropometric data, or other medical test results. 

    Non-RD Nutrition Professional

    The job avenues for a non-RD nutrition professional are quite various and unique compared to a traditional RD career.* A non-RD professional is not bound by the licensure or education restrictions. This allows for unique and nontraditional pathways to be pursued. Demographics are changing, our health care delivery system is changing, and our nation is in a nutrition-weight related crisis—so why should the professional nutrition educational and career pathway remain the same?

    The health care, nutrition/foodservice management, and food science industries are very dynamic job markets due to many factors. As noted earlier, these include factors such as the increasing aging population, nutrition/health status of our citizens, and the public’s interest in nutrition driving research and product development. 

    The non-RD pathway is more open to creativity, holistic therapies, and patient driven care. In fact, in 18 months from January 2012 through the summer of 2013 “every one of the dozen plus attempts to get RD oriented bills enacted in states was defeated for the first time in history” (Watson, 2013). Furthermore, in many states, nutrition legislation has been trending in the direction of favoring a more free market/ patient based approach to nutrition practice. In the past, most legislation would only allow RDs to gain licensure in certain states and the legislation would even prevent a person holding a PhD in Nutrition from providing individualized nutrition advice.   

    Our nation needs more nutrition professionals, not less. Our country’s health care and alternative/nontraditional health system has become the world’s best by offering patients’ choices. 

    Kaplan University’s Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science is designed to prepare you to enter this exciting field in which the health and lives of others may be significantly improved through your knowledge and skills. Our Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science is an official NANP (National Association of Nutrition Professionals) recommended education program (NANP, 2016) (Kaplan University’s official NANP approval letter dated May of 2015). 

    Students who successfully complete the nutrition degree meet the educational standards required to become professional members of the NANP, and may apply to sit for Board Certified in Holistic Nutrition sponsored by the National Association of Nutrition Professionals (NANP).† More information about the benefits of becoming board certified in holistic nutrition information is available via http://nanp.org/hncb.

    These are some possible job areas or example titles you may search for with a Bachelor of Science Nutrition Science. Kaplan University’s nutrition program recommends these job titles as examples for a primary job search and not all may apply to each student/graduate: 

    Kaplan University cannot guarantee job placement or career advancement.  

    • Public health nutrition/community nutrition (e.g., some counties hire nutrition science bachelor’s degree graduates for their WIC programs)
    • Holistic nutrition specialist (chiropractor’s office, wellness centers)
    • Corporate/business wellness promotion–employee education
    • Dietary manager (hospitals, nursing homes, etc.)
    • Patient services manager (nursing home, hospitals)
    • School food service nutrition manager (elementary school nutrition)
    • Nutritional pharmaceutical sales (e.g., oral and enteral/tube feeding formula companies)
    • Dietary supplement sales 
    • Food scientist/product development team (private food companies)
    • Food stylist (combine culinary skills, recipe development knowledge with artistic design of colorful or unique meal/food presentations for restaurant menus, magazine articles, print or internet media marketing)
    • Nutrition educator or wellness coach for health insurance companies
    • Nutrition professional for supermarket chains 
    • Food banks or community food outreach companies/non-profits
    • Regulatory affairs specialists
    • Product development with food/agricultural-farming companies
    • Quality assurance technician
    • Animal nutrition specialist
    • Nutrition article author/blogger/online contributor (e.g., WebMD, Local Health Examiners)
    • Insurance Companies (Check with many of the companies that are hiring people with bachelor’s degrees in health-related fields to become health coaches or advocates.)
    • "Extension" offices (Most of these types of positions are affiliated with a state or university's "extension or co-op" office. States may have positions available through grants or private funding that is related to nutrition education/ nutrition outreach in the community.)

    A bachelor’s degree in nutrition science from Kaplan University can help you pursue your interest this exciting and evolving field.

    References

    ACEND: Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics. (2015) Dietetic Internships. Retrieved from: http://www.eatrightacend.org/ACEND/content.aspx?id=6442485424 

    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition, Dietitians and Nutritionists. Retrieved from: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/dietitians-and-nutritionists.htm

    Gregoire, MB, Taccona, MA (2015). Candidacy for Accreditation Policy and Procedures. Retrieved from: http://www.eatrightacend.org/ACEND/content.aspx?id=6442485302

    HNCB. (2016) “Why become Board Certified?” Holistic Nutrition Credentialing Board. Retrieved from: http://nanp.org/hncb

    Ford ES, Dietz WH. (2013). Trends in energy intake among adults in the United States: findings from NHANES. American Journal Clinical Nutrition;97:848–53.

    NANP. (2016) Appproved holistic Nutrition schools. National Association of Nutrition Professionals. Retrieved from: http://nanp.org/schools

    Taylor P, Cohn D. (2010) “Baby Boomers Retire.” The Pew Research Center. Retrieved from: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2010/12/20/baby-boomers-approach-65-glumly/

    ACEND: Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics. (2015) Dietetic Internships. Retrieved from: http://www.eatrightacend.org/ACEND/content.aspx?id=6442485424          

    World Health Organization. (2015). Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. “Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Report of the joint WHO/FAO expert consultation, No. 916 (TRS 916) Retrieved from: ttp://www.who.int/dietphy

    Watson E. (2013) “Who is best qualified to provide nutritional counseling? A registered dietitian? A medical doctor? A nutritionist? A nutrition scientist? A sports scientist? You or me?” Food Navigator-USA. Retrieved from: http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/People/SPECIAL-FEATURE-Who-is-best-qualified-to-provide-nutrition-counseling-RDs-MDs-a-CNS-You-or-me

    Leslie Young is a faculty member at Kaplan University. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not represent the view of Kaplan University.

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  • * Kaplan University cannot guarantee employment or career advancement. The Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science program is designed to prepare graduates academically to pursue a variety of nutrition-oriented careers and advanced education. However, Kaplan University's Bachelor of Science in Nutrition Science program is not accredited by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND), and does not qualify an individual to sit for the examination to become a Registered Dietitian (RD). In addition, some states will not permit individuals to become licensed in nutrition and/or dietetics if they do not possess the RD credential. If you are interested in becoming licensed in your state, it is vital that you understand your state’s requirements for licensing prior to enrollment.

    Requires 500 hours of professional experience in holistic nutrition. Although certain programs at Kaplan University are designed to prepare students to take various certification or licensing exams, the University cannot guarantee the student will be eligible to sit for or pass those exams. In some cases, work experience, additional coursework beyond the Kaplan University program, fieldwork, and/or background checks may be necessary to be eligible to take or to successfully pass the exams. Students should research the requirements in the state in which they intend to seek employment.

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